Alcoholism, is also known as alcohol use disorder, is a chronic disease characterized by uncontrolled drinking and preoccupation with alcohol. Furthermore, it is an addiction (inability to control drinking) due to both a physical and emotional dependence on alcohol. 

In the united states, the excessive use of alcohol is the fourth leading preventable cause of death. Over time, the excessive use of alcohol leads to the development of chronic diseases and some other serious problems such as;


The liver is particularly at risk of damage as alcohol is metabolized there and it produces a toxic substance called acetaldehyde.

Excess drinking of alcohol affects the liver metabolism of fats while excess fats store up in the liver. Other effects of alcohol on the liver are long-term inflammation which can lead to scar tissue.


Cancer is not gotten through carcinogenic materials only; the excessive use of alcohol can increase the risk of developing different types of cancer.

The more drinks were taken, the greater the odds of cancer for the individual involved in alcoholism. According to statistics, drinking alcohol causes more than 100,000 cases of breast cancer worldwide every year.


A lot of road accidents, domestic violence, drowning, and suicide happening around today can be attributed to alcoholism. Driving after excessive use of alcohol impairs the driver thereby causing a greater severity of injury with an accident. 


Excessive use of alcohol does harm by weakening the immune system, making the body vulnerable to infections. Each series of excessive drinking reduces the body’s ability and strength to fight against infections and diseases. 


The curvilinear relationship between alcohol consumption and diabetes is a bit too complex. That is, the higher the volume of alcohol consumes, the higher the risk of diabetes.

Reasons why drivers should not drink and drive in the United Kingdom

The concept of drinking and driving began in 1872 as a law was passed to its effect.

From then, it became an offense to drive any automobile or carriage while under the influence of alcohol. In 1925, this law was amended. It was amended that anyone driving any vehicle under the influence of alcohol is also guilty of the law. 

In 1962, there was a formation of the Road Traffic Act. It regulated the legibility of drivers plying the road. In 1965, the United Kingdom announced a new law that will regulate drinking and driving.

This law was called the “drinking and driving law” As the times evolved, new methods for checking drinking and driving came into place. One of them is the introduction of breath testing in 1983. 

As more automobiles were created and the dangers of drinking and driving increased, the drinking and driving act was reviewed. In 2004, the maximum penalty for drinking and driving increased. The prison term increased to 14 years.  

Staying away from drinking alcohol before driving is one of the foremost lessons taught to drivers within the United Kingdom. This rule is instilled into the consciousness of every driver. It is to prevent drivers from falling prey to the penalties attached to this offense. 

Here are some of the reasons why you should not drink and drive in the United Kingdom:

  • It is dangerous and deadly. 

In 2017, about 8600 people were involved in car accidents where the driver was drinking and driving. Driving under the influence is deadly and is not advisable. 

  • You will face lots of penalties for driving under the influence of alcohol. You could face 3-6 months in prison, a driving ban, a lasting criminal record. 
  • Other reasons include suffering as brands, insurance, and other companies will want to have nothing to do with you. The spontaneous effect of alcohol could make you do dangerous things. 

The Risk Of Depressants

Depressants – also known as “downers” – “come in multicolored tablets and capsules or in liquid form,” and are supposed to “reduce the symptoms of mental illness.” As a result, these are oftentimes prescribed for those who struggle with anxiety – and/or other stress-related disorders – in addition to difficult sleep disorders. In turn, since these types of drugs are known as “downers” they do the exact opposite of what “uppers” would do, by slowing down the functions of the body. An example of this can be seen in patients who experience high levels of anxiety, as the prescribed depressant can help in the slowing down of brain activity. 

However, what many fail to realize is just how much of a problem this can be for those who are addicted to them. Not only that but when many think of depressants their minds automatically redirect them to pills, rather than to alcohol. This is due to the fact that some may be unaware that alcohol is a depressant, or they may not think of it as one since it is so common within today’s society. In turn, this can be cause for it to slip right over their heads. In fact, “Alcohol is classified as a Central Nervous System depressant, meaning that it slows down brain functioning and neural activity.” 

Consequently, this can be just as dangerous as “uppers” because while stimulants can increase heart rate, “downers” can slow it all the same. Therefore, it’s important that those addicted to depressants get the help that they need earlier rather than later. For some of the short term effects are listed as follows; “fatigue, slowed pulse and breathing, fever, lowered blood pressure,” etc. Now even though these symptoms are short term they can worsen with time as the individual continues to use the depressant. 

Another myth that many may still view as fact is that depressants slow down one’s functions so that he/she has little to no energy? But that’s wrong. For depressants such as alcohol provide “those associated with immediate bursts of energy after a sip.” Yet even in doing so, “the user’s vital functions inevitably slow down.” In conclusion, no matter whether the depressant comes in pill form or liquid form, it is important that the addict rids the substance from his/her life. It is only then that he/she can save himself/herself from the risk of injury, or death. He/she can then live an addiction-free life without the harsh effects of substance abuse. 

Drinking Habits In UK Women

While some prefer staying indoors, others prefer “a night on the town”-no matter whether it comes in the form of the bar, club, or to a sports grill for half priced drinks and appetizers. Consequently, it makes little difference where one goes because even the non-drinkers will find themselves surrounded by liquor through something as simple as picking up a menu. Or even seeing back-to-back ads on cheap beer. But, what happens when trying something new leads to one drink too many, and one night out turns into every night out, as one stumbles home from the bar in a drunken stouper at two a.m. for the fifth time in that week.

Sadly, when one begins to drink in excess it begins to not only affect themselves, but the lives of those around them, as unfortunate accidents begin to take place. In an article by The Telegraph from 2018 titled, “British women now among top drinkers in the world,” we see how much of an impact drinking has made not only on the UK as a whole, but certain demographics, such as gender. In the piece, one passage reads, “One study found women with a university degree are twice as likely to be problem drinkers, compared with those with less education.”

In turn, this goes to show how much of a significance that certain factors have on individuals especially if they are impacting them in a stressful way, rather than benefiting them. Some of these factors could be related to their career, education/school, family, trauma, and/or other situations and circumstances that may be affecting them in a negative way. It is then that they find their mental, emotional, and physical well being in jeopardy, as through alcohol, no matter the brand.  

In fact, according to the same article as stated previously, “Few countries saw trends similar to those in the UK, though in Sweden, women are drinking more than men, with 3.1 drinks a day for women, compared with 2.7 for men.” These statistics are alarming but something that individuals who suffer from alcoholism can fix. However, in order to do such they must eliminate binge drinking from the source by first gaining a deeper understand of themselves by asking one of the most important questions of why do they drink? What triggers them to act in unhealthy drinking habits? In doing so, they can begin their journey on the road to recovery a whole lot better, and regain their life back.   turn to substance abuse in response to the problems that they may be facing in that of their personal lives.

In conclusion, research shows just how much alcoholism is taking a toll on that of the UK, not just in that of the male gender, or a specific age group, but in woman as well, no matter the age. It is through these studies that one can better understand what is taking place within bars, clubs, etc. as an increase in alcohol begins to take over at an accelerated rate. As a result, it is with this information than one can further his/her knowledge, and understand how to help, rather than to isolate those who are struggling with addiction.